Fighting climate change is a major global challenge.
For over 30 years we have been organising ourselves at international, European and national level, resulting in the slow emergence of a climate governance framework.
This governance framework is insufficient. But understanding its evolution is nevertheless an essential first step towards improving it.
What are the current climate objectives? What role has science played in their definition? How is Belgium organising itself to achieve them?
With the Climate Line, The Friday Group offers an overview of the history of Belgian climate governance.
Scientists realise climate change is a global issue that requires international cooperation. International bodies are set up to review scientific evidence to guide political negotiations.
Reference year for international targets
Kyoto is a turning point: for the first time countries decide to act together and 37 countries agree to reduce their emissions. Ultimately, 197 countries will also sign up but progress is slow, and varies from country to country.
Reference year European and Belgian emission reduction targets towards 2030
Achieving the overall emissions target of -5% by 2012
Until now countries were focusing on reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The Paris Agreement is a change in mindset: countries now agree to do whatever it takes to keep global warming under 1.5°/ 2°C.
Now, the focus is on action. Countries must urgently figure out how to meet the Paris Agreement by developing and implementing national plans in the short and long-term and strengthen international cooperation.