The "2030 Climate and Energy Framework" is one year ahead of the Paris Agreement (2015). It includes the European reduction targets for the period 2021-2030:
As a member state of Europe, Belgium must also comply with the "2030 Climate & Energy Framework" that interprets the Paris Agreement, and is thus obliged to draft a National Energy and Climate Plan (2019).
In order to enable management of the targets and define the reduction objective itself, Belgium drafted a National Energy and Climate Plan 2021-2030.
In this plan, the regions show how they will collectively meet the target of 35% reduction by 2030 compared to the reference year 2005.
The plan includes the reduction objectives per region by 2030 compared to the reference year 2005.
As part of its "2030 Climate and Energy Framework", the EU has developed its own reporting and monitoring mechanisms (under the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union), and these are harmonised with the reporting cycles of the Paris Agreement.
In addition to their national energy and climate plans for the period 2021-2030, EU Member States must also develop long-term strategies looking ahead to 2050 (to be completed by 2022, in line with the Paris Agreement) and prepare progress reports every two years.
EU Member States not only send their GHG inventories annually to the UNFCCC, but also to the EU GHG Monitoring Mechanism, using the same methodology and framework.
The 2030 European Climate & Energy Framework proved not sufficient to meet the Paris Agreement, and was therefore translated into the European Green Deal, which works towards European climate neutrality by 2050 (see 2021).