In Belgium, environment and climate-related topics mostly fall under the competence of the regional governments. However, international initiatives on climate change are usually negotiated at the federal level. In response to the increasing number of international discussions, negotiations and agreements on climate change, the Belgian regional and federal governments decided in 1995 to reach an agreement on how to cooperate within Belgium on international measures to address climate change. This agreement gave rise to the Coordination Committee for International Environmental Policy.
The main task of this Committee is to prepare Belgian positions for international negotiations on action against climate change.